Maximize Your Site's Accessibility: Vue.js with Vuetify and A11Y Techniques

If you're a web developer, the importance of accessibility cannot be understated. It's estimated that 15% of the world's population lives with some kind of disability, and failure to design with accessibility in mind can lead to significant exclusivity. Moreover, search engines and web crawlers rank websites that are more accessible higher than those that aren't. So in this tutorial, we'll explore best practices for building accessible web applications with Vue.js, Vuetify, and A11Y techniques!

Vue.js and Vuetify for Accessibility

Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework that provides an elegant way to build scalable and reactive web interfaces. It is also known for its lightweight architecture, which makes it an ideal choice for building applications that prioritize performance. Additionally, Vue.js provides a robust layer of community plugins and libraries that are available for use in building accessible applications, one of which is Vuetify.

Vuetify is a Material Design component framework that supports rich UIs and is built on top of Vue.js. It offers a variety of ready-made components and themes that make it easy to build accessible, responsive, and performant applications. With so many components available out of the box, you can easily deliver a good user experience for everyone in a short amount of time.

Navigation and Keyboard Shortcuts

The first thing you should consider when building an accessible web application is navigation. A well-designed navigation system allows users to easily find what they're looking for, and utilize keyboard shortcuts, which are essential for accessibility.

In Vuetify, you can easily set up navigation with the Vuetify Navigation Drawer component. The Navigation Drawer is a slide-out panel that displays links and other navigation controls. It's accessible by default and provides keyboard shortcuts that enable users to navigate with a keyboard. Using the Navigation Drawer, you can significantly improve the accessibility of your application.

  <v-navigation-drawer app>
      <v-list-item v-for="(item, i) in items" :key="i">
          <v-icon>{{ item.icon }}</v-icon>
          <v-list-item-title>{{ item.title }}</v-list-item-title>

The code above shows how to set up a Navigation Drawer with Vuetify.

Labeling and Input Elements

When it comes to accessibility, labeling for input elements can make or break your application. Think about it; if users can't read or interact with your form elements, they won't be able to use your application.

Vuetify provides several built-in components that help with labeling, including the Vuetify TextField and the Vuetify Select components. Both of these components include the necessary accessibility attributes and provide users with clear labels, ensuring that they can understand the form and interact with it properly.

  <v-form v-model="valid">
      label="Select your state">
  export default {
    data: () => ({
      name: '',
      state: '',
      states: [
        'Alabama', 'Alaska', 'American Samoa', 'Arizona', 'Arkansas',
        'California', 'Colorado', 'Connecticut', 'Delaware', 'District of Columbia',
        'Federated States of Micronesia', 'Florida', 'Georgia', 'Guam', 'Hawaii',
        'Idaho', 'Illinois', 'Indiana', 'Iowa', 'Kansas',
        'Kentucky', 'Louisiana', 'Maine', 'Marshall Islands', 'Maryland',
        'Massachusetts', 'Michigan', 'Minnesota', 'Mississippi', 'Missouri',
        'Montana', 'Nebraska', 'Nevada', 'New Hampshire', 'New Jersey',
        'New Mexico', 'New York', 'North Carolina', 'North Dakota', 'Northern Mariana Islands',
        'Ohio', 'Oklahoma', 'Oregon', 'Palau', 'Pennsylvania',
        'Puerto Rico', 'Rhode Island', 'South Carolina', 'South Dakota', 'Tennessee',
        'Texas', 'Utah', 'Vermont', 'Virgin Island', 'Virginia',
        'Washington', 'West Virginia', 'Wisconsin', 'Wyoming',
      valid: false,
      rules: {
        required: (value) => !!value || 'Required.',
        name: (value) => {
          const pattern = /^[a-zA-Z0-9 ]*$/
          return pattern.test(value) || 'Numbers and letters only'
    methods: {
      submit() {

The code above shows an example of how to set up the Vuetify form. The Vuetify Select component handles the labeling and selects a proper label for each option, ensuring that it's easy for users to interact with the form.

A11Y Techniques and Best Practices

Let's now dive into A11Y techniques and some best practices that can help improve accessibility on your site.

Use Alt Text for Images

Adding Alt text to an image is essential as it provides context for the image and enables users who don't have access to the image to understand what it is. For example, if you have a photo of a cheeseburger, the Alt text might say "Photo of a cheeseburger”. You can easily add Alt Text to your images in Vue.js using the Vuetify Image component.

Use High Contrast Colors

Using high contrast colors makes it easier for users to read your content. If you're designing for accessibility, ensure that you're using a color palette that provides enough contrast and doesn't create any challenges for users who have visual impairments.

Use Clear and Simple Language

Using clear and simple language makes it easier for users to understand what you're saying. Additionally, it ensures that users of all abilities can interact with your site without any challenges. Try to avoid using jargon or complex language, and keep your language simple and straightforward.

Use Heading Tags

Using heading tags is essential for accessibility as it creates a clear hierarchy for your content. Additionally, it helps users identify key pieces of information quickly. Proper use of heading tags makes your content more visually appealing and accessible for users of all abilities.

Provide Captions and Transcripts for Audio and Video Content

Captions and transcripts are essential for users who have hearing impairments or are deaf. Providing these captions and transcripts ensures that everyone can access your video content and understand what's being said.

Final Thoughts

Accessibility should be a top priority for all web developers. With Vue.js and Vuetify, you have the tools you need to create accessible and user-friendly web applications. By learning from these examples and implementing best practices in your own development, you can ensure that your site is available and usable for everyone.