Jamstack with Next.js: Speed up Your Web Development with Static Site Generators

Web development has become easier and faster thanks to the evolution of technologies and tools available in recent years. The Jamstack architecture has provided developers with a new approach to building modern web applications. This technology combines a number of powerful features, including static site generators, APIs, and CDNs, to deliver fast, scalable, and secure web applications. In this article, we will explore the Jamstack architecture and how you can use Next.js to create efficient and fast web applications.

What is Jamstack?

Traditional web applications have been built with a client-server architecture. The server handles all the requests from the client, retrieves the requested data, manipulates it, and finally sends the response back to the client. This approach comes with some limitations such as scalability, flexibility, and security. Jamstack is an architecture that takes a different approach. It relies on a pre-built markup (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) that gets served directly to the client. This elimates the need for server-side rendering and results in faster page loads and and better user experience.

How does Jamstack work?

Jamstack sites have a simplified architecture that allows them to load quickly. They consist of static files that are generated at build-time and served directly from a CDN. This not only reduces the load on the server, but also ensures that the site is available even during high traffic hours.

With Jamstack, we can use Static Site Generators to create the static files that will be served by the CDN. Unlike traditional web applications, the markup for each page is generated at build-time. This allows the server to focus on serving the content it has been asked for, rather than rendering the markup.

What is Next.js?

Next.js is a popular React-based static site generator that provides server rendering for React applications. It simplifies the process of creating server-rendered React applications by providing the necessary build tools, routing, and API integration out of the box.

The beauty of Next.js lies in its ability to blend dynamic and static rendering, providing rich functionality while still keeping a lightweight and efficient architecture. It can handle server-side rendering of React components, allowing you to build performant web applications that work on the server and the client.

Creating a Next.js Application

We can easily create a new Next.js application using the command line interface. To begin, create a new directory and navigate inside:

mkdir my-nextjs-app
cd my-nextjs-app

Next, we can use the create-next-app tool to scaffold our application:

npx create-next-app

This will create a new Next.js application automatically with all the necessary dependencies. We can navigate inside of our newly created application:

cd my-nextjs-app

Finally, we can start our application in development mode:

npm run dev

This should start a development server at http://localhost:3000 that we can now visit to view our app.

Adding Pages to the Application

In a traditional React application, we would use the React Router to handle routing. Next.js offers its own routing system based on the filesystem in which we store our pages. For example, if we create a file called about.js in our pages directory, we can visit /about to view the About page.

import React from 'react'

const AboutPage = () => {
  return (
      <h1>About Page</h1>
      <p>This is an about page created using Next.js</p>

export default AboutPage

We can create as many pages as we want by adding files to the pages directory. Then simply navigate to http://localhost:3000/about to view the About page.

API Routes

In addition to server-side rendering, Next.js provides a way to create API routes. These are simple serverless functions that allow you to create server-side functionality without having to configure any server. You can make dynamic API requests and fetch data from external sources. You can create an API route by exporting a default function that accepts a request and response object and sending a response using the response object. For example, we can create an API route that returns a JSON response by doing the following:

export default (req, res) => {
  res.status(200).json({ message: 'Hello, world!' })

We can now visit our newly created API route at http://localhost:3000/api/hello to see the response JSON.

Deploying a Next.js Application

Once our Next.js application is ready for deployment, we can easily deploy it to a number of hosting platforms. Next.js works seamlessly with tools such as Vercel and Netlify to provide a simple and efficient deployment process.

For example, with Vercel, we can simply connect our GitHub repository containing our Next.js app. Then, every time a new commit is pushed to the repository, Vercel will take care of the entire deployment process for us.


Next.js is a powerful tool that simplifies the process of building server-rendered React applications. By leveraging the Jamstack architecture and using Next.js, we can build fast, scalable, and secure web applications with ease. We can also easily deploy them to a number of hosting platforms with minimal effort.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, we hope this article has given you a solid introduction to how Jamstack and Next.js work together to provide a modern approach to web development.