Harness the Power of GraphQL: Integrating Apollo Client with React and Next.js

This modern era of web development calls for efficient data fetching and management systems, especially when building data-driven applications using frameworks like React and Next.js. GraphQL offers the flexibility to request and consume the exact data properties needed for an application, making it an ideal choice for developers looking for advanced functionality. This tutorial will guide you through the process of integrating Apollo Client with React and Next.js to build a robust, data-rich web application.

What is GraphQL and Why Should I Use It?

GraphQL is a query language for APIs developed by Facebook in 2012. Unlike the traditional REST API approach, GraphQL allows clients to request specific data, limiting the amount of over- or under-fetching and making application development more efficient. Additionally, GraphQL supports real-time updates through subscriptions, allowing for a reactive user experience.

Introducing Apollo Client

Apollo Client is a comprehensive data-fetching and state management library for GraphQL that supports React, Angular, and Vue. It makes requesting, retrieving, and managing data from GraphQL APIs simpler and more predictable. Apollo also integrates seamlessly with modern web frameworks, including Next.js, to provide an uninterrupted development experience.

Setting Up the Project

Before diving into integrating GraphQL queries with Apollo, let's create a Next.js project with React and set up the required dependencies. Open your terminal and run the following command:

npx create-next-app graphql-apollo-client-react-nextjs

Now, navigate to the project directory:

cd graphql-apollo-client-react-nextjs

Install the necessary dependencies for Apollo Client:

npm install -S @apollo/client graphql

Setting Up Apollo Client

In this step, we will configure Apollo Client to make it accessible in our React components:

  1. Create a new file called apolloClient.js in your project's root directory.
  2. In this file, import the required modules from @apollo/client and set up an instance of the Apollo Client:
import { ApolloClient, InMemoryCache } from '@apollo/client'; const apolloClient = new ApolloClient({ uri: 'https://your-graphql-endpoint.com/graphql', cache: new InMemoryCache(), }); export default apolloClient;

Replace the uri value with the URL of your GraphQL API endpoint.

Integrating Apollo with Next.js and React

To integrate Apollo into our React and Next.js project, we will use the ApolloProvider component:

  1. Open the _app.js file in your project's pages/ directory.
  2. Import the ApolloProvider component and your Apollo Client instance:
import { ApolloProvider } from '@apollo/client'; import apolloClient from '../apolloClient';

Wrap your with the ApolloProvider component and pass the apolloClient as a prop:

function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) { return ( ); }

Executing Queries with Apollo Client in React Components

Now that Apollo Client is set up and integrated with our project, it's time to start executing queries to fetch data:

  1. Create a new file called ExampleComponent.jsx in your project's components/.
  2. Write a simple GraphQL query to fetch the data you need:
import { gql } from '@apollo/client'; const GET_EXAMPLE_DATA = gql` query { example { id title description } } `;

Update the existing ExampleComponent.jsx file with the following code:

import { useQuery } from '@apollo/client'; import { GET_EXAMPLE_DATA } from './queries'; const ExampleComponent = () => { const { loading, error, data } = useQuery(GET_EXAMPLE_DATA); if (loading) return


; if (error) return

Error: {error.message}

; return (
{data.example.map(item => (



); }; export default ExampleComponent;

With this code, you can now fetch data from your GraphQL API and display it in your component.


Using the power of GraphQL in combination with Apollo Client and React, we can create modern web applications that efficiently fetch and manage data. Integrate these tools into your Frontend web development workflow to build powerful, user-friendly applications that are easier to maintain and scale. Explore the official Apollo Client documentation to learn more about advanced features, including caching, mutations, and more.