Kubernetes Automated Workflow: Build, Test and Deploy with CI/CD Pipelines

If you want to automate the process of building, testing, and deploying web applications, Kubernetes in combination with Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipelines is a solution you should consider. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use Kubernetes and CI/CD to build, test, and deploy your apps, providing you with an efficient and rapid development workflow.

What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is a powerful and open-source container orchestration platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. It provides a platform-agnostic solution that can deploy your applications on any infrastructure. Kubernetes can also help you with ensuring high availability, load balancing, and scaling your applications as needed.

What is CI/CD?

Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) is a methodology that helps you automate your software delivery processes. It provides a way of building, testing, and deploying applications faster and more frequently, thus making it possible for developers to release new features, bug fixes, and improvements more quickly and efficiently.

CI/CD pipelines automate the process of building, testing, and deploying software. The pipeline consists of several steps that help ensure the quality of the code before it is released. It also streamlines the deployment process, so you can quickly and easily deploy your code to production environments.

Why use Kubernetes with CI/CD pipelines?

Using Kubernetes with CI/CD pipelines provides many advantages. Firstly, Kubernetes allows you to deploy your applications in a way that is scalable and highly available. Because Kubernetes has built-in scalability features, it is very easy to scale up and down depending on the traffic that your application receives.

Secondly, Kubernetes provides a uniform platform for deploying your applications. This means that you can deploy your applications to Kubernetes no matter where they are being run – on-premises or in the cloud. This portability allows you to leverage the power of Kubernetes across multiple environments, without having to worry about differences in infrastructure.

Thirdly, Kubernetes can help automate the process of deploying your applications. By using CI/CD pipelines with Kubernetes, you can automate the entire process of building, testing, and deploying code. This not only makes the process faster but also ensures that your code is well tested before it is released to production.

Building a CI/CD pipeline with Kubernetes

Before jumping into the specifics of building a CI/CD pipeline with Kubernetes, you should have a good understanding of the components that make up the pipeline.

Components of a CI/CD pipeline

A typical CI/CD pipeline has three main components:

  1. Source code repository – where you store your source code.
  2. Build and testing tools – used to build and test your application.
  3. Deployment tools – used to deploy your application to production.

Building a CI/CD pipeline

Here is an example of how you can build a CI/CD pipeline with Kubernetes:

Step 1: Set up a source code repository

The first step in building a CI/CD pipeline is setting up a source code repository. There are many options to choose from, including GitLab, GitHub, and Bitbucket. Choose the one that best fits your needs and set up a repository.

Step 2: Build and test your application

The next step is to build and test your application. You need to define a set of tests that ensure the quality of your code before deploying it to production. You can use a range of tools, such as Jenkins, Travis CI, and CircleCI, to achieve this.

You will need to define a build script that pulls your code from the source code repository, compiles it, and runs the tests. You can use Docker to create a container that contains all the dependencies needed to run your build and test script. Once the script has run, the container is destroyed.

Step 3: Deploy your application using Kubernetes

The final step is to deploy your application using Kubernetes. You can use tools such as Helm or Kubectl to automate the deployment process. With Kubernetes, you can define a set of deployment files that dictate how your application will be deployed. These files contain the deployment configurations for your application containers and any associated services.

Creating a Kubernetes deployment file

Here's an example of a Kubernetes deployment file:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
  name: my-deployment
    app: my-app
  replicas: 3
      app: my-app
        app: my-app
      - name: my-container
        image: my-container-image:latest
        - containerPort: 80

This deployment file deploys three replicas of the my-container image and exposes port 80 on each container.


Kubernetes is a powerful platform that allows you to deploy and manage containerized applications with ease. By combining Kubernetes with CI/CD pipelines, you can build, test, and deploy your software in an efficient and streamlined way. By automating the process, you can reduce the time it takes to deploy new features, bug fixes, and improvements to your applications, ultimately providing your users with a better experience.