Mastering Serverless Architecture with Next.js and AWS Lambda

Are you a full-stack web developer looking to supercharge your web applications? Look no further than serverless architecture. In this article, we will guide you through building lightning-fast, highly scalable web applications using Next.js and AWS Lambda.

What is Serverless Architecture?

Serverless architecture is a cloud-based computing model that eliminates server management and maintenance responsibilities. Instead, cloud providers like AWS offer serverless solutions that handle the server management in an automated way. These solutions allow developers to focus on code rather than server configuration, making development faster and easier.

Why Use Serverless Architecture?

There are many reasons why developers are turning to serverless architecture. Here are just a few:

  • Scalability: Serverless architecture allows for infinite scalability, meaning your web app can handle traffic surges without downtime or performance issues.
  • Cost-Effective: With serverless architecture, you only pay for the resources you use, making it more cost-effective than traditional server management.
  • Simplicity: Serverless architecture eliminates the need for server maintenance, allowing developers to focus solely on writing code.

Getting Started with Next.js and AWS Lambda

Now that we've covered the benefits of serverless architecture, let's dive into how you can build a serverless web application using Next.js and AWS Lambda.

Step 1: Install Next.js

To get started, you'll need to install Next.js. Next.js is a React-based framework that simplifies server-side rendering and enables easy integration with serverless solutions like AWS Lambda.

To install Next.js, run the following command:

npm install next

Step 2: Set up AWS Lambda

Next, you'll need to set up an AWS Lambda function to handle API requests from your Next.js application. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Open the AWS Management Console and navigate to the Lambda dashboard.
  2. Click on "Create function."
  3. Choose the "Author from scratch" option.
  4. Under "Function name," enter a name for your function.
  5. Under "Runtime," select "Node.js 12.x."
  6. Under "Permissions," create a new role with the necessary permissions for your function to interact with other AWS resources.
  7. Click "Create function."

Step 3: Connect Next.js to AWS Lambda

With your AWS Lambda function set up, it's time to connect it to your Next.js application. To do this, you'll need to install the aws-sdk package and configure your Lambda function. Here's how:

  1. Install the aws-sdk package by running the following command:
  2. npm install aws-sdk
  3. Configure your Lambda function by creating a new file called aws-config.json in your Next.js root directory. In this file, enter the following code:
      "accessKeyId": "",
      "secretAccessKey": "",
      "region": ""

    Be sure to replace the placeholders with your own access key ID, secret access key, and AWS region.

  5. In your Next.js application, create a new file called lambda.js in the root directory. In this file, enter the following code:
    import AWS from 'aws-sdk';
    import getConfig from 'next/config';
    const { serverRuntimeConfig } = getConfig();
    const lambda = new AWS.Lambda();
    export default function callLambda(eventName, payload) {
      return lambda
          Payload: JSON.stringify({
        .then((response) => {
          const { StatusCode, Payload } = response;
          if (StatusCode === 200) {
            return JSON.parse(Payload);
          throw new Error('Failed to invoke AWS Lambda function.');
        .catch((error) => {
          console.error('Error invoking AWS Lambda function:', error);
          return null;

    Here, we're creating a function called callLambda that will invoke our AWS Lambda function when called. We're using the aws-sdk package to handle the connection to Lambda.

Step 4: Create a Serverless API with AWS Lambda and Next.js

Now that we've configured our Lambda function and connected it to our Next.js application, let's create a serverless API. To do this, we'll use the getServerSideProps method in Next.js. Here's how:

import callLambda from '../lambda';

export default function Users({ users }) {
  return (
      { => (
        <li key={}>{}</li>

export async function getServerSideProps() {
  const users = await callLambda('getUsers', null);
  return { props: { users } };

In the above code, we're defining a component called Users that will display a list of users. We're using the getServerSideProps method to fetch the user data from our Lambda function and pass it to the Users component as props.


And there you have it – a fully functional serverless web application built with Next.js and AWS Lambda. By leveraging the benefits of serverless architecture, we've created a scalable, cost-effective, and simple web application that can handle traffic surges with ease.

We hope this article has been helpful in getting you started with serverless architecture and Next.js. Happy coding!